Because silicon wafer processing uses acids and bases, the process requires tanks that are impervious to aggressive chemicals. Quartz tanks are stable and do not take part in wet process chemical reactions, even at the high temperatures reached during some of the process steps. Modutek’s quartz tanks use pure flame-polished quartz to reduce impurities that might contaminate the chemical reactions. To keep the temperature at the setpoint, Modutek has added precise temperature controls. As a result, Modutek’s quartz tanks represent an ideal way to implement wet process wafer fabrication steps.
Quartz Tanks Improve Output by Reducing Contamination
The output quality of wet process semiconductor manufacturing is directly affected by contamination during silicon wafer processing. When microscopic particles adhere to wafer surfaces, wafer etching can be disrupted and the semiconductors produced by the manufacturer can be defective or of poor quality. A major concern during silicon wafer processing is the reduction of the particle count on the surface of each wafer.
The high-purity semiconductor grade quartz used in Modutek’s tanks is made up of a crystal lattice containing tightly-held atoms of silicon and oxygen. These elements remain locked in the lattice while the wet process chemical reactions of wafer cleaning, stripping, and etching take place. This ensures that the quartz tanks act as neutral containers and don’t add contaminants or particles to the wafers.
After processing a wafer through one of the many steps of semiconductor manufacturing, a wafer has to be clean and almost completely free of particles. When Modutek’s quartz tanks are used for processing, potential particle contamination from the tanks is significantly reduced. The tanks are based on over 30+ years of bath design and feature a seamless, sloped flange construction. This is especially important for semiconductor manufacturing as industry trends have been moving toward tighter packing and reduced structure sizes. This means even a single small particle can block an etched path or result in a defective structure. By reducing particle counts, Modutek’s quartz tanks improve manufacturing results.
Quartz Tanks with Tight Temperature Control for Improved Etching Precision
The exact shape and location of etched structures in the silicon are critical for the correct functioning of the final semiconductor device. Etching speed determines the shapes of the etched structures in the silicon and the speed is controlled by the chemical concentration and the reaction temperature. The chemical concentration is set at the beginning of the process steps for most of the processes, but the temperature can be used to control the etching speed.
Modutek’s quartz tanks are designed to keep the temperature at exactly the setpoints required for the process and to deliver the anticipated etch speed. The bath temperature can be controlled precisely up to 180 degrees centigrade and the tanks feature a quick temperature rise of up to 2 degrees centigrade per minute with an accuracy of plus/minus 1-degree centigrade.
Heating is even and the fast rate of temperature increase improves throughput. The high accuracy allows precise prediction of etching distances and reliable repeatability of the process when different batches are manufactured. Tank design provides high reliability and safety with a view to a low total cost of ownership.
Using the Right Quartz Tanks Improves Processing and Overall Output Quality
As a leading semiconductor equipment manufacturer, Modutek works with customers to design processing equipment that will help them meet manufacturing requirements. Modutek’s recirculating and constant temperature quartz tanks improve silicon wafer processing by reducing contaminating particle counts and ensuring precise control of etching. The reduced particle counts and the reliable production of required etched shapes reduce defects and rejects in manufactured devices. Contact Modutek for a free consultation and quote on selecting the right equipment to support your manufacturing requirements.